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abhaya-dāna, offering protection and safety; ;

abhidhamma; Abhidhamma, a book's name, written by SĪLĀNANDĀBHIVAṀSA (also see: TBSA.org);

abhidhamma pitaka a.k.a. ultimate doctrine books, 3rd of tripitaka;

abhidhamma pitaka, consist of 7 books

1. Dhamma Sangani

Classification of dhamma


2. Vibhanga

Book of divisions


3. Kathā vatthu

Points of controversy


4. Puggala paññatti

Description of individuals


5. Dhātu kathā

Discussion with reference to elements


6. Yamaka

Book of pairs


7. Patthāna

Book of relations


Abhidhammatthasaṅgaha & its Ṭikā, Abhidhammatthavibhāvinī; Abhidhammattha Sangaha;

abhidharma [ THE JOY OF LIVING ], a.k.a. abhidhamma;

Abhidharma kosha, by Vasubandhu (5th century A.D.), Vaibhasikas in Kashmir, in Sanskrit, documented by China and Tibetan Tanjur as versions;

Abhidhammā vatāra, by Buddhadatta (approx. 5th century A.D.);

abhijjha, arising of desires; abhijjhā, covetousness;

4 kinds of ganthas (ties) are abhijjhā (covetousness), vyā-pāda (ill will), silabbataparāmāsa (indulgence in wrongful rites and ceremonies), and idaṁ saccābhinivesa (adherence to preconceptions as truth);

Remark: abhijjhā, as opposed to muditā;

abhiññā, 5 kinds of super intellect;

abhiññā, 5 supernormal powers, a.k.a. essential powers to be sainthood;

abhisa, immoral;

abhivamsa, senior teacher; e.g. title to monk WHO passed Pali language and dhamma exam, esp. in Myanmar;


ācariya, a.k.a. acchariya;

ācariya-vāda, 3. principles given by teachers in accordance with 1. & 2.;

acchariya manussa, extraordinary man;

addhāna-kkhamo, stamina for long journeys, one of the 5 benefits of cankama;

adhikusala, superior merit;

adinava, disadvantage vs. assada, advantage;

adosa, non hatred; alobha (non-attachment), adosa (non-anger), amoha (non-delusion), ... ;

Aggadhammalaṅkara, monk (bhikkhu) 's name in meaningful Pali;

Agga Mahā Paṇḍita, the exaltedly wise one, e.g. title to senior monk (bhikkhu) 's name in meaningful Pali, esp. in Myanmar;

ahetu, states of mind are rootless, and akiriya, inoperative; Also see: Satipatthana meditation;

ājīva, livelihood;

ājīva parisuddhi sīla, livelihood purification morality; Also see: sīla;

ajjhatta, internal, bahiddha, opposite of external;

saṇthāna rūpa (form & shape are observed), ākāra rūpa (manner or mode is observed), and sabhāva rūpa (true nature is observed); Also see: rūpa;

ākāsa, space; e.g. (day sky, night sky); 2,3 dimensional space; 3,4 dimensional space;

ākāsa nañcā yatana, the base of boundless space; Also see: ākiñcaññā yatana, nevasaññānāsañña yatana, viññā nañcā yatana;

akata; Nibbāna, not created by anyone;

akataññu, ungrateful (NOT feeling or showing gratitude);

ākiñcaññā yatana, the base of nothingness; Also see: ākāsa nañcā yatana, nevasaññānāsañña yatana, viññā nañcā yatana;

akiriya, inoperative, and ahetu, states of mind are rootless; Also see: Satipatthana meditation;

akuppa, unshakeable; Also see: Satipatthana meditation;

akusala unwholesome, OR kusala wholesomeness;

akusala-vera, kilesa-vera, internal enemy in the form of unwholesomeness or mental defilements, also see: the discourse on enemy; 2 kinds of enemy are internal enemy and external enemy;

akusalavera, mental defilements, unwholesomeness;

Alagaddūpama sutta;

Alavaka, fierce Alavaka sought refuge in the Buddha and attained arahatship, 2500+ years ago;

Ᾱḷavaka sutta;

alaya-vijnana (store consciousness; consciousness forming the base of all human existence);

alobha, non greed, a.k.a. unselfishness; alobha (non-attachment), adosa (non-anger), amoha (non-delusion), ... ;

aloka, light; e.g. better lighting, strong lighting;

amataṁ padaṁ, unconditioned state of Nibbāna (free from birth, free from dead);

Also see: nibbana;

four kinds of birth: aṇḍaja (egg-born), jalābuja (womb-born), opapātika (spontaneous birth), and saṁsedaja (moisture-born);

Ambapali, courtesan Ambapali entered the order and attained arahatship, 2500+ years ago;

amisa, flesh;

āmisa-dāna, offering material things;

Amida Buddha; Ref. to Referenced Books (THE TEACHING OF BUDDHA);

Amita, NAMO AMITABHA [ The Dhammapada ];

AMITABHA, a Buddha;

Amitabha: also see: 9 levels of Amitabha's Pure Land .     9 levels of Amitabha's Pure Land ;

Amitāyur dhyāna sūtra;

Amitāyur-dhyāna & vimalakīrtinirdeśa sūtra;

alobha (non-attachment), adosa (non-anger), amoha (non-delusion), ... ; WHEN practicing (aloba, adosa, amoha, ... ) kusala, wholesomeness (merit) can be built, after practicing kusala, better way e.g. majjhima way (Middle Path) can be attained/gained, ... ;

1. Stream-Winner (sotāpatti); And Then, 2. Once-Returner (sakadāgāmi); And Then, 3. Never-Returner (anāgāmi); And Then, 4. worthy (arahatta);

anāgāmi, a.k.a. Never-Returner, a.k.a. sainthood;

at anāgami stage, no more attachment to sense desires, no more aversion, no more ill will, no more sorrow, ... ;

Remark: at 2nd stage of enlightenment (sakadāgāmi) beyond sotāpanna, people WHO can become English proverb alike "Charity Begins at Home"), And Then, holy people WHO can be able to avoid 4 ganthas (abhijjhā, vyā-pāda, silabbataparāmāsa, idaṁ saccābhinivesa);

anāgami, the 3rd stage of enlightenment; also see: satipatthāna meditation; anāgāmi-hood, state of non-returner or one who has attained 3rd stage on the path;

Ananda, one of the 8 arahants; ; Ananda, monk (bhikkhu) 's name in meaningful Pali;

Ananda thera, a monk's name, in 2500+ years ago, also see: 2008 Ashin Pyinnya Thiha taught suttas .htm;

Anantadhaja, monk (bhikkhu) 's name in meaningful Pali;

ānāpāna way, observing the in-breathe and out-breath; Traditional Rakhine people practice non-modified meditation i.e. ānāpāna way; Think that rice noodle is rice noodle, but among people in East Asia and South East Asia, ingredients may vary, taste may vary, ... ;

Anapanasati Day, celebrates on full moon day in November ... , also see: Time;

anariya-sukha, ignoble pleasure;

Anatha-pindika, also see: 2008 Ashin Pyinnya Thiha taught suttas .htm;

anatta, nonself;   after understanding [kāyanupassanā] kāya body + anu continuously + passanā seeing, impermanence [similar to conceptual idea of impermanent paññatti anicca] can be realized, and then Japanese philosopher Nishida's emptiness can be understood, ... ; anatta dhamma in Theravada is similar to absolute sunyata in Mahayana;

anatta, soul-lessness, conservatively essence of Buddhism is focus on middle path in present time to attain good karma [conservatively good khamma is defined by practicing 5 sīla ... ], if compare to eternal soul created by God with divine essence; Liberally, so many existence of gods in Buddhist nations ... ;

anatta, soul-lessness, a.k.a. one of the 3 characteristics of ... ;

four kinds of birth: aṇḍaja (egg-born), jalābuja (womb-born), opapātika (spontaneous birth), and saṁsedaja (moisture-born);

Aññātiṭṭhika sutta;

annatta nupassi, not-self; Also see: Satipatthana meditation;

anatta saññā, perception of non-self;

( anicca-lakkhanā (impermanence), dukkha-lakkhanā (unsatisfactory & unreliable), and anatta-lakkhanā (lack of inherent self) ) a.k.a. sāmañña lakkhanā (universally (basic & common) to all (mental & physical) phenomena);

kalyana puthujjana, good puthujjana; andha puthujjana, blind (here, "blind" refers to NOT informed one) puthujjana;

Angulimala, also see: thera Angulimala;

Angulimala, robber/criminal Angulimala who converted and attained arahatship, 2500+ years ago;

Angulimala sutta, also see: 2008 Ashin Pyinnya Thiha taught suttas .htm;

Anguttara nikāya, Collection of discourses arranged in accordance with numbers, a.k.a. 4th of sutta pitaka; Also see: Satipatthana (i.e. shorter discourse) meditation;

AṄGUTTARA NIKᾹYA, the book of the gradual sayings; Referenced Books (THE TEACHING OF BUDDHA);

Dīgha Nikāya;
Majjhima Nik
yutta Nikāya;
guttara Nikāya;

anicca, a-nic-ca, transient, a.k.a. one of the 3 characteristics of ... ;

( anicca-lakkhanā (impermanence), dukkha-lakkhanā (unsatisfactory & unreliable), and anatta-lakkhanā (lack of inherent self) ) a.k.a. sāmañña lakkhanā (universally (basic & common) to all (mental & physical) phenomena);

anicca sanna, awareness of impermanence; Also see: Satipatthana meditation;

annicca nupassi, ... ; Also see: Satipatthana meditation;

Antarā bhava sutra;

antevāsika, close disciple of ... ;

anu, repeatedly a.k.a. continuously;   also see: kāya-nu-passanā;

anu passati, contemplating, naya method, passati, seeing; Also see: Satipatthana meditation;

anumāna-vipassanā, inference knowledge;

anupādisesa nibbāna dhātu, also see: nibbāna dhātu;

anupassanā, awareness;

anupassi, contemplating, repeatedly look at, to closely observe, ... ; e.g. anatta nupassi, not-self; e.g. patinissa agganupassi, something to let go of; e.g. asubha nupassi, unattractive one; e.g. dukkha nupassi, not yielding dukkha by repeatedly look at; e.g. anicca nupassi, vaya nupassi, body as impermanent; Also see: Satipatthana meditation;

anusaya, latent tendencies, anusaya, and influxes, asara; at the sense ... ;

anusaya kilesa, dormant form that would manifest when conditions are met;

anussati, recollection (anussati) category;

anussati, recollections (annus sati) 6 recollections, e.g. Buddha, Dhamma, Sangha, one's ethical conduct, one's liberality, and deva;

Apadāna, Lives of arahats; also see: Khuddaka nikāya is subdivided into 15 books;  5.*  

apāya, lower realm;

4 kinds of niraya: apāya (woeful state), asurayoni (plane (refer to plane as realm) of Asura-demons), petayoni (plane (refer to plane as realm) of Petas), and tiracchānayoni (animal kingdom (refer to kingdom as realm));

āpo, water; (pathavī, āpo, tejo, vāyo) have been known for thousands of years in Pali; Also see: 5 elements in your life;

appa-sāda, a bit pleasurable; also see: maggagata sutta;

appābādo, fewer diseases, one of the 5 benefits of cankama;

appamada, ever-present-mindfulness; non-infatuation; vigilance; watchfulness;

APPAMᾹDA VAGGA; also see: vagga;

appanā-jhāna, ultimate concentration; also see: jhāna;

appanidhaya bhavana, un-direct mode of meditation (ap panidhaya bhavana) vs. direct form of meditation (panidhaya bhavana) ... ;

appatikkula or patikkula, disagreeable or agreeable;

āraddha-vīriya, ardent effort;

Arahant, supremely enlightened, also see: 2008 Ashin Pyinnya Thiha taught suttas .htm;

in the round of existence (refer to being in samsāra) of life, supremely enlightened one, i.e. an Arahant;

arahanta, no evil one, passionless one, worthy one, and no more birth - And Then - death - And Then - birth ... (refer to being in samsāra, cycle of rebirth a.k.a. life-after-life) WHO can attain parinibbāna after death;

ARAHANTA VAGGA; also see: vagga;

arahat, arahant, saint, enlightened one in Theravada; also see: bodhisattva; arahat, the 4th stage of enlightenment; will achieve/earn/... nirvana; also see: satipatthāna meditation; arahat-ship, noble condition to whom has attained last stage on the meditation path; a.k.a. Arahant;

this DOMAIN developer's way of easy and fast to attain 4th stage quickly, hint: at 1st, focus on breath-in and breath-out; at 2nd focus on motion, and then concentrate on both 1st and 2nd, and realize self that samādhi can be attained for a short period of time; and then at 3rd focus on hearing, and then concentrate on all 1st, 2nd, and 3rd, and realize self that samādhi can be attained for a short period of time; and then 4th focus on vision, and notice that lost of concentration (samādhi) quite often, and then try to concentrate on all 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th, to do so, open the eyes slowly for vision (early morning meditation is recommended), if knowing of tears, if knowing of jhāna levels, ... ; Remark: 4th stage of enlightenment is not easy to attain for long period of time IFF common person like you and me; therefore, many meditation centers restrict speaking, and many meditation centers also restrict with sila (precept) must be practiced, ... ;

Tathagata, WHO is an Arahat, fully enlightened one;

1. Stream-Winner (sotāpatti); And Then, 2. Once-Returner (sakadāgāmi); And Then, 3. Never-Returner (anāgāmi); And Then, 4. worthy (arahatta);

arama, monastic compound;

āramanam jhāyati upanijjhāyatīti jhānam, the mind fully focused on a meditative object; also see: jhāna;

ārambha-dhātu, start up effort;

āramman-ūpanijjhāna, contemplation on a meditative object;

ārammana-bhaya, any kind of terrifying objects, also see: 3 kinds of bhaya;

argha, arghya, holy water, water offering to Buddha; Sanskrit;

ariya, pure ones like Buddha and Arahant; 9 supra mundane states and 37 factors of enlightenment;

37 factors of enlightenment, a.k.a. bodhi pakkhiya dhamma; (bodhi a.k.a. bo-tree a.k.a. a symbol of enlightenment); (dhamma a.k.a. dharma);

ariya, pure person, nobility; being noble in character and mind; e.g. without passions; e.g. NOT based on clan or race; Remark: to be ariya person, start with 5 precept (pañca-sila: NOT to kill, NOT to steal, NO lie, NO misconduct sex, NOT to be intoxicated) 1st, ... ;

ariya magga ñāna, noble path; ariya sometimes (its pronoun meaning) refer to a good person;

Ariya pariyesana sutta;

Ariyan, a group name of ancient people, no longer exist as a nation, also see: 2008 Ashin Pyinnya Thiha taught suttas .htm;

Ariyapariyesana sutta;

aruga loka or rupa loka, reborn in heavenly sphere, also see: kama loka;

arūpa pariggaha, mentality apprehension;

aūparagā, Formless Realms, aruparāga, one of the remaining fetters after anāgāmi stage; Also see: ruparāga; Also see: arahat, the path to nibbāna;

Ãrya, adjective word, high rank in Sanskrit language;

asam moha, absence of delusion;

asara, influxes, and latent tendencies, anusaya; at the sense ... ;

asāra (unessential), as opposed to sāra (essential);

asavak khaya, extinction of corruptions; vijjā caraṇa (8 kinds of knowledge, 15 kinds of conduct);

asekha, a person WHO attains arahatta stage; Also see: sekha;

Ashoka, an emperor's name, in BC; [ nation name such as India, Burma, ... have been defined by British, a few centuries ago ... , in Asia, so many dynasties and kingdoms disappear in thousands of years ... ];

Ashura, Standing Asura; also see: Kofuku-ji temple, in Nara, Nippon; IFF 4, also see: Swastika;

assada, advantage vs. adinava, disadvantage;

assaddho, unfaithful;

assama, a safe place, WHERE internal fires such as raga, dosa, and moha can be extinguished, for example, a meditation center;

Zen Buddhism, silent mediation; Radical333;

asubha nupassi, unattractive one; Also see: Satipatthana meditation;

asuci, impure;

Asura a.k.a. Standing Ashura;

4 kinds of niraya: apāya (woeful state), asurayoni (plane (refer to plane as realm) of Asura-demons), petayoni (plane (refer to plane as realm) of Petas), and tiracchānayoni (animal kingdom (refer to kingdom as realm));

Atanatiya Sutta, also see: 2008 Ashin Pyinnya Thiha taught suttas .htm;

ātāpa-viriya, ardent effort; also see: 5 jhāna factors;

atapi, diligent one; Also see: Satipatthana meditation;

atriccha, better, and different;

atta, i , me ; me ;

sense of oneself; sense of one's mind; but, NOT in the sense of soul or special self;

ATTA VAGGA; also see: vagga;

attano santānam punātīti puññam, it is called puñña as it purifies one's life;

attano-mati, 4. principles based on one's own idea;

attānuvāda-bhaya, being blamed by oneself;

attānuvāda-bhaya, guilty conscience;

aṭṭha-sila, 8 precept; Also see: sila; In common, senior yogi practices 8 precept on Day (a holy day), and upus day was originally assigned & ordered by Rakhine kingdom long long time ago, and later adapted by Bama kingdom, Mon kingdom, Shan kingdom, ... , and the holy day still exist, and on the holy day, lay devotees and senior yogi practice 8 precept; Similar to other religions, to gain holy spirit, practicing 8 precepts require fasting on the holy day (in Myanmar language, a.k.a. );

aṭṭhakathā, commentary; also see: ṭīkā, sub-commentary;

Dhammapada Aṭṭhakathā;

Theragāthā Aṭṭakathā;

aṭhangikamagga, 8 (The Eightfold Path);

correctness of understanding, a.k.a. sammā-ditthi; right views;
correctness of thought, a.k.a.
sammā-sankappa; right thoughts;
correctness of speech, a.k.a.
sammā-vācā; right speech;
correctness of action, a.k.a.
sammā-kammanta; right actions;
correctness of livelihood, a.k.a.
sammā-ājiva; right livelihood;
correctness of effort, a.k.a.
sammā-vāyāma; right endeavor;
correctness of mindfulness, a.k.a.
sammā-sati; right mindfulness;
correctness of concentration, a.k.a.
sammā-samādhi; right concentration;

Also see: Bodhipakkhiyadhamma, 37 Factors of Enlightenment; 37 = 4 + 4 + 4 + 5 + 5 + 7 + 8;

Also see: Numbers in Dhamma;

Avadānaśataka sūtra;

Avataṃsaka sūtra; Avataṃsaka sūtra, Gaṇḍavyūha;

avihiṁsā (harmlessness), as opposed to vihiṁsā (harmfulness);

avijja, ignorance of 4 noble truths, ignorance is, therefore, the cause of birth and death; also see: vijja;

avijja, ignorance, one of the remaining fetters at anāgāmi stage to be arahat, the path to nibbāna;

Yogakkhema (kama, bhava, ditthi, avijja);

2 Bodhisattvas (Avalokitesvara, Boddhisattva of compassion; Mahathamaprapta, Boddhisattva of wisdom);

avikkhepo samādhi, indestructible concentration;

avyāpāda, loving kindness;

ayana, way;