b Pali     Last updated on 2017/2561 8 7, a full moon day;

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bahiddha, opposite of external, ajjhatta, internal;

bahu-dukkha, very miserable; also see: maggagata sutta;

bahu-pāyāsa, very stressful; also see: maggagata sutta;

bala, 5 forces;

Also see: 37 Factors of Enlightenment, Bodhipakkhiyadhamma = 4 + 4 + 4 + 5 + 5 + 7 + 8;

bala, powers;

Bala Sutta;

BᾹLA VAGGA; also see: vagga;

bhanga, one of the mental states of ... ; also see: thiti; uppāda; bhanga, disappearance; bhanga, dissolution;

bhava, ... grasping is cause of kamma WHICH in its turn, birth condition jāti ... ;

Antarā bhava sutra;

Remark: because of jati, in samsara, bhava happens e.g. born again, so, life-after-life (samsara) ... , till nirvana i.e. how Buddhist people ... ; Yogakkhema (kama, bhava, ditthi, avijja);

bhāvanā, vipassana meditation, a.k.a. mental development practice; can reduce, or can remove mental impurities; bhāvanā, mental cultivation;

bhāvanā-bala, developing power, a mental power;

bhāvanā-maya-ñāna, a kind of knowledge, WHO gained from practice vipassana;

bhavatanhā, lives existence; also see: tanhā;

bhaya, danger;

bhaya, fear, or dread; 3 kinds of bhaya are samvega or sahotappa-ñāna, ārammana-bhaya, and cittutrāsa-bhaya associated with unwholesomeness;

bhaya, fear;

māra, 10 kinds of kilesa are:

1. kāma (material pleasures);
2. arati (aversion for the holy life);
3. khuppipāsā (hunger and thirst);
taṇhā (craving);
5. thina middha (sloth and torpor);
6. bhaya (fear);
7. vicikicchā (doubt);
8. makkha thambha (detraction and obstinacy);
9. labha (gain); sakkāra (honor); siloka (praise); yasa (fame);
10. attukkaṁsana para vambhana (extolling oneself that contempt others);

Remark: notice that both good and bad can cause kilesa, and 10 kinds of kilesa (mental defilements) are a.k.a. māra (sense of passions); after meditation (Also see: Radical333), those 10 kinds of kilesa can be realized; for common people (refer to puthujjana), Middle Path should be ... ; notice that sotāpanna level people can control and reduce those 10 kinds of kilesa, And Then, sakadāgāmi level people, And Then, anāgāmi level people, ... ;

bhaya-vera, fearful enemies, defined in suttanta sutta, also see: vera sutta; 5 fearful enemies are killing, stealing, sexual misconduct or adultery, lying, and taking intoxicating drinks and drugs;

Mūla sarvāsti vada vinaya; Saṅgha bheda vastu; (bheda, a.k.a. predictions);

bhikkhu, monk;   also see: bhikkhuni, upasaka, upasika, ... ; Monk (bhikkhu) s are named meaningful in Pali; Theravada Buddhism in Union of Myanmar allows a person to be Monk (bhikkhu) temporarily (in some other nations, to be a monk temporarily is NOT allowed; therefore, if you like to be a monk for a while, then visit to Myanmar and find your own way HOW you can be a monk for a WHILE e.g. a few days, a week, ... ), and traditionally given only one bhikkhu name to the person;

bhikkhu, mendicant monk, fully ordained disciple of Buddha;

BHIKKHU VAGGA; also see: vagga;

bhikkhuni, nun;   also see: bhikkhu, upasaka, upasika, ... ; Nun (bhikkhuni) are named meaningful in Pali; Theravada Buddhism in Union of Myanmar allows a person to be Nun (bhikkhuni) temporarily (in some other nations, to be a nun temporarily is NOT allowed; therefore, if you like to be a nun for a while, then visit to Myanmar and find your own way HOW you can be a nun for a WHILE e.g. a few days, a week, ... ), and traditionally given only one bhikkhuni name to the person;

Bhikkhus, also see: 2008 Ashin Pyinnya Thiha taught suttas .htm;

Bhivamsa, monk (bhikkhu) 's name in meaningful Pali;

Mahāyāna jātaka citta bhūmi parīkṣa sūtra;

Remark: Cambodians call Union of Myanmar people "BHUMI" ;

bija niyāma, physical organic order of germs or seeds, for example: rice produced from rice-seed; scientific theory of cells and genes and physical similarity of twins may be ascribed to this order; also see: order 3. of niyāma ;

Bodhgaya, 2500+ years ago, an ancient place, nowadays in northeastern of India; East of ancient city Varanasi; [2009; Joyful Wisdom]; Many international governmental Buddhist monasteries have been established by Indian government's religious approval, since 20th century ... ;

bodhi, derived into English language as supreme knowledge, a.k.a. enlightenment;

bodhi pakkhiya dhamma, also see: ariya;

Bodhipakkhiyadhamma, 37 Factors of Enlightenment; 37 = 4 + 4 + 4 + 5 + 5 + 7 + 8;

4 foundations of mindfulness;
4 supreme efforts;
4 means of accomplishment;
5 faculties;
5 forces; as same as 5 faculties, indriya (s) ;
7 constituents of enlightenment;
8 (The Eightfold Path);

Bodhi rājakumāra sutta;  bodhi is holy tree, because Buddha meditated and then enlightened under a bodhi tree; rāja is a title like king; kumāra is a name; sutta a.k.a. sutra (one of the principles: e.g. Mudra, Mundra, Sutra; and, Mudra refers to HOW Buddha statues have been built e.g. standing mudra, sitting mudra, ... ; Mundra refers to HOW chanting holy contents e.g. "Aun" , e.g. "Namo ... " ; Sutra refers to scripts ... );

bodhi tree, a.k.a. bo-tree, a symbol of enlightenment;

bodhicitta, bodhi + citta, in Sanskrit language; symbol of enlightenment + mindfulness; in Mahayana Buddhism, bodhicitta a.k.a. absolute; and then absolute a.k.a. sunyata in Zen, Shingon , ... ;

bodhisatta, a.k.a. bodhisattva; One who aspires to become a Buddha is called a Bodhisatta, literally means a wisdom-being [Buddhism in a Nutshell];

bodhisattva, enlightened one in Mahayana; also see: arahat;

2 Bodhisattvas (Avalokitesvara, Boddhisattva of compassion; Mahathamaprapta, Boddhisattva of wisdom);

Nara Bodhisattva; National Museum of Korea;

Pensive Bodhisatta; Chuguji Temple;

Skanda, Mahayana bodhisattva, in Buddhism; Radical232, also see: Radicals;

Bodnath Stupa, in Kathmandu [ancient trade route to Tibet], in Nepal; 36 m height Nepal's tallest stupa; Stupa structure is similar to pagoda structure;

bojjhaṅga, 7 constituents of enlightenment;

sati, mindfulness;
dhammavicaya, investigation of the truth;
viriya, energy;
piti, joy;
passaddhi, serenity;
samādhi, concentration;
upekkhā, equanimity;

Also see: Bodhipakkhiyadhamma, 37 Factors of Enlightenment; 37 = 4 + 4 + 4 + 5 + 5 + 7 + 8;

IFF seven as 3,4 dimensional space, in our universes ... ; i.e. very very very far away in distance; beyond 2,3 dimensional space; Gene Therapy System (BLI auto adjustment); info can be faster than light; in 3,4 dimensional space, light is chopped 2 or 3 times (invisibility engineering) than our earth naturally; also see: PHYSICS; one of the unknown facts in ACT3 imaginary hyper space e.g. WHAT kind of energy causes such 2 or 3 times chopping (characteristic is similar to E M effect of electricity flow without diode (in common, diode lets electricity flow staple) refer to "blinking" alike) the light; DEE (Dark Energy Engineering) is very very very powerful, and DEE can change civilizations ... (beyond nuclear power) e.g. using Moon Wave to correct weather a.k.a. Manmade Global Weather ;

bojjhanga, awakening factor; also see: upatthana ... ;

Bojjhanga Sutta, also see: 2008 Ashin Pyinnya Thiha taught suttas .htm;

Borobudur, 500+ Buddha statues, Yogyakarta, Java, Indonesia; Ancient Rakhine kingdom's one of the successful missionaries, but Muslin became majority in 20th century because of Western Civilization's power; If Eastern Civilization will be the most powerful in 21st century and beyond, southeast Asia nations will be Buddha nations again in the future ... ;

bot, a.k.a. uposatha;

brahma, a realm in existence, the concept might be derived from Hindi, also see: 2008 Ashin Pyinnya Thiha taught suttas .htm;

brahma vihara, 4 divine abodes in all directions; Remark: idea similar to swastika;

Brahmajala Sutta; Brahmajāla sūtra;

brahmana, priest, 1 of the 4 castes in ancient India; also see: kshatriya; shudra; vaishya;

BRᾹHMAṆA VAGGA; also see: vagga;

Buddha, the Enlightened One; e.g. prince Siddārtha became the Buddha, 2500+ years ago; Accordance with Pali documents, you can be a Buddha (Enlightened One) IFF practice (e.g. meditations, sila, ... ); Buddha Gotama, a.k.a. Shakyamuni in Mahayana; Buddha Gotama, also see: 2008 Ashin Pyinnya Thiha taught suttas .htm; Buddha Maitreya, a Buddha in future; Buddha Shakyamuni, also see: 5 Dhyani Buddha(s); Also see: Mahayana Buddhism; Theravada Buddhism; ... ;

3 treasures: Buddha, Dharma (a.k.a. dhamma), Samgha (a.k.a. sangha);

BUDDHA VAGGA; also see: vagga;

Buddha, Dharma (a.k.a. Dhamma), Sangha;

Also see: 3;

Abhidhammā vatāra, by Buddhadatta (approx. 5th century A.D.);

Buddham ... , also see: worshipping Buddha Dhamma Sangha; prefix ... ;

Buddhavamsa, History of Buddha; also see: Khuddaka nikāya is subdivided into 15 books;  5.* ;

byapada, aversion;